The effect and causes of protein-energy malnutrition in Nigerian children.
Protein-energy malnutrition is still highly prevalent in Nigeria due to faulty weaning practices, poverty, poor sanitary conditions, minimal medical attention, and endemic childhood infections.
Insufficient food intake affects the child principally as a result of one of these causes : 1) the child is offered little food and is unable to get more by him/herself ; (for example, restricted intake of protein during illness or prolonged exclusive breast feeding) ; 2) the child is offered ample foods but the quantity is of inadequate quality for his/her needs, resulting in low protein and/or energy density ; 3) improper feeding practices such as nonhygienic preparation of overdiluted formula or starch gruels, which give rise to early-age severe protein-energy malnutrition.
Studies in Nigeria found that protein-energy malnutrition was the second cause of death in children under six years.
This review covers 1) the prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition ; 2) morbidity and mortality rate due to malnutrition ; and 3) the hematological parameters ofNigerian children.
Mots-clés Pascal : Article synthèse, Carence alimentaire, Protéine, Energie, Prévalence, Morbidité, Mortalité, Hématologie, Alimentation, Traitement, Epidémiologie, Malnutrition, Etat nutritionnel, Enfant, Homme, Nigéria, Afrique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Review, Nutritional deficiency, Proteins, Energy, Prevalence, Morbidity, Mortality, Hematology, Feeding, Treatment, Epidemiology, Malnutrition, Nutritional status, Child, Human, Nigeria, Africa
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0376589
Code Inist : 002B22C. Création : 01/03/1996.