To explore the use of four methods to define health needs in a community, with a view to formulating guidelines for practice based assessment of health needs.
Design-Collection of data on health needs for a specific neighbourhood with four complementary methods : rapid participatory appraisal, postal survey, analysis of routinely available small area statistics, and collation of practice held information.
Main outcome measures-Description and comparison of health needs found by the different methods.
Each method yielded particular insights into both health and health care needs.
Conclusions-An extended primary care team with public health support can assess health and health care needs in a neighbourhood by means of a mixture of quantitative and qualitative methods.
Different methods may be more suitable to assess different health needs or to explore potential service provision in the community or in primary or secondary care.
A composite method may be most informative.
Mots-clés Pascal : Besoin, Santé, Evaluation, Quartier voisinage, Soin, Méthode étude, Donnée, Recueil caractéristique, Etude comparative, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Need, Health, Evaluation, Neighbourhood, Care, Investigation method, Data, Characteristics collection, Comparative study, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0375414
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.