logo BDSP

Base documentaire


Votre avis nous intéresse

Le réseau BDSP met en oeuvre un projet d'innovation et d'amélioration de ses services, dans le souci constant de proposer des contenus de qualité adaptés aux besoins des utilisateurs.

Identifier de nouvelles sources de financements est la condition nécessaire pour assurer la poursuite et la pérennité de cet outil unique qu'est la BDSP, tout en le faisant évoluer.

Pour définir un nouveau modèle économique, nous avons besoin de votre avis : merci de répondre à notre enquête (temps estimé : 5 minutes).

Participer maintenant
Participer plus tard J'ai déjà participé

  1. Predictive factors of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and pulmonary tuberculosis in prisoners.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    Tuberculosis currently represents a serious problem in prison populations.

    Methods

    With the aim of studying the predictive factors for, and the prevalence of, Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and pulmonary tuberculosis in a Spanish prison, all those admitted during 1991 and 1992 were included (N=1314).

    The tuberculin skin test, HIV serology, chest X-ray and bacteriological examination of sputum were carried out.

    Statistical analysis was done by univariant tests, stratified analysis and logistic regression.

    Results

    The prevalence of M. tuberculosis infection was 55.5% (95% confidence interval [CI] 52.5-58.5).

    An association was found with sex, imprisonment more than once, HIV infection and age.

    The co-infection rate (tuberculosis plus HIV) was 9.2%. Logistic regression showed a greater risk with age (4.4% per year), time spent in prison and for males.

    The prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis was 1.26% and an association was found with M. tuberculosis infection, HIV infection (odds ratio [OR]=13.7), intravenous drug users (OR=17.2) and imprisonment more than once (OR=7.3).

    Logistic regression showed an association with HIV co-infection (OR=20.2).

    Conclusions

    The prevalence of M. tuberculosis infection and pulmonary tuberculosis is high when compared with similar studies.

    The influence of age, time spent in prison and co-infection with HIV is relevant to recommendations for specific tuberculosis prevention programmes in correctional facilities.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacteriaceae, Mycobacteriales, Actinomycetes, Bactérie, Milieu carcéral, Epidémiologie, Homme, Prévalence, Facteur risque, Espagne, Europe, Poumon pathologie, Appareil respiratoire pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacteriaceae, Mycobacteriales, Actinomycetes, Bacteria, Carceral environment, Epidemiology, Human, Prevalence, Risk factor, Spain, Europe, Lung disease, Respiratory disease

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0365565

    Code Inist : 002B05B02E. Création : 01/03/1996.