Obesity is a problem for African-American women across all socioeconomic strata.
Age-adjusted prevalence of overweight is 48.5% among African-American women compared with 21% among white women.
An exploratory field was designed to examine selected psychosocial factors that influence the weight-control behavior of middle-income African-American women.
A triangulation methodology was used in which both qualitative and quantitative data were collected.
First, semistructured interviews were held with 36 African-American women between the ages of 25 and 75.
Second, a Global Stress Scale was administered to measure perceived stress.
Statistical analysis of the data revealed a positive correlation between body weight and stress in that women who were more overweight were experiencing more stress.
Ethnographic analysis of the data showed that more than 50% of the women thought that stress negatively affected their weight-control behavior.
Additionally, occupational stressors related to racism, sexism, and workload were major stressors for this group of women.
Recognition of factors that influence weight-control health practices will enable health professionals to assist African-American women to manage their weight.
Mots-clés Pascal : Stress, Corrélation, Poids corporel, Obésité, Epidémiologie, Femelle, Africain, Amérique du Nord, Etat nutritionnel, Amérique, Trouble nutrition
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Stress, Correlation, Body weight, Obesity, Epidemiology, Female, African, North America, Nutritional status, America, Nutrition disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0365105
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.