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  1. The relationship between stress and weight-control behavior in African-American women.

    Article - En anglais

    Obesity is a problem for African-American women across all socioeconomic strata.

    Age-adjusted prevalence of overweight is 48.5% among African-American women compared with 21% among white women.

    An exploratory field was designed to examine selected psychosocial factors that influence the weight-control behavior of middle-income African-American women.

    A triangulation methodology was used in which both qualitative and quantitative data were collected.

    First, semistructured interviews were held with 36 African-American women between the ages of 25 and 75.

    Second, a Global Stress Scale was administered to measure perceived stress.

    Statistical analysis of the data revealed a positive correlation between body weight and stress in that women who were more overweight were experiencing more stress.

    Ethnographic analysis of the data showed that more than 50% of the women thought that stress negatively affected their weight-control behavior.

    Additionally, occupational stressors related to racism, sexism, and workload were major stressors for this group of women.

    Recognition of factors that influence weight-control health practices will enable health professionals to assist African-American women to manage their weight.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Stress, Corrélation, Poids corporel, Obésité, Epidémiologie, Femelle, Africain, Amérique du Nord, Etat nutritionnel, Amérique, Trouble nutrition

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Stress, Correlation, Body weight, Obesity, Epidemiology, Female, African, North America, Nutritional status, America, Nutrition disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0365105

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.