Alcohol and marijuana use in a community-based sample of persons with spinal cord injury.
The prevalence of self-reported alcohol and marijuana use, along with alcohol abuse as measured by the Short Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test, was assessed for a community-based sample (n=123) of persons with spinal cord injury (SCI).
Correlates of alcohol and marijuana use and alcohol abuse also were examined, including demographic variables, measures of impairment, disability, and handicap, SCI medical complications, and measures of subjective assessment such as health rating, health maintenance behaviors, depression, life satisfaction, perceived stress, pain, and social support.
Prevalence of alcohol use (59%) and marijuana use (16%) in persons with SCI was less than that of comparison groups in the general population.
However, prevalence of alcohol abuse (21%) exceeded that of general population studies.
Participants who abused alcohol shared the following criteria :
(1) perceived their overall health as worse than those who did not abuse alcohol ;
(2) were more depressed ;
and (3) experienced more stress in their lives than those who did not abuse alcohol.
Participants who used marijuana were younger at the time of the study and were younger at injury.
They were also more depressed and more stressed.
The indications of alcohol abuse in one in five persons with SCI living in the community mandates that screening, treatment, and referrals be part of any rehabilitation treatment program.
Mots-clés Pascal : Traumatisme, Moelle épinière, Homme, Epidémiologie, Toxicomanie, Marihuana, Ethanol, Intoxication, Boisson alcoolisée, Consommation, Substance toxicomanogène, Moelle épinière pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Système nerveux pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Trauma, Spinal cord, Human, Epidemiology, Drug addiction, Marihuana, Ethanol, Poisoning, Alcoholic beverage, Consumption, Drug of abuse, Spinal cord disease, Central nervous system disease, Nervous system diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0363390
Code Inist : 002B03D. Création : 01/03/1996.