Although the concept of acculturation originated within anthropology, in recent years it has assumed a prominent role within epidemiology as a risk factor for chronic disease.
However, these studies often consider acculturation in structural terms, reflected in differences between groups assumed to lie along the same continuum, all moving in the same direction toward greater acculturation to the values and behaviors of the dominant society.
This paper addresses how acculturation should be conceptualized when examining it as a potential risk factor for chronic disease and how it should be measured so that it becomes both theoretically and clinically meaningful.
Four case studies of Cambodian refugees of San Diego, California are used to illustrate the following :
(1) the importance of integrating an acculturation-as-process perspective with an acculturation-as-structure perspective ;
(2) viewing acculturation as both individual and group experience of conflict and negotiation between two systems of behavior and belief ;
(3) measuring it longitudinally and as narrative ;
and (4) understanding that rather than being an inherent health risk, it may also promote health by creating access to certain forms of health care unavailable in the country of origin and by contributing to the abandonment of risky health-related behaviors and the adoption of behaviors that promote good health.
Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie, Chronique, Réfugié, Epidémiologie, Morbidité, Acculturation, Homme, Californie, Cambodgien, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Disease, Chronic, Refugee, Epidemiology, Morbidity, Acculturation, Human, California, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0354298
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 01/03/1996.