Acetylation polymorphism and prevalence of colorectal adenomas.
Polymorphic N-acetyltransferase (NAT2), an enzyme present in the colon, may affect incidence of colon cancer.
Individuals with NAT2 fast acetylator genotypes may have higher colon cancer risks due to faster conversion of certain carcinogens to mutagens.
We determined NAT2 genotypes in 447 subjects with distal colon adenomas and in 487 controls.
No significant increase in adenoma prevalence among fast acetylators was observed.
However, there was a suggestion of ethnic differences in NAT2 effects.
For example, white fast acetylators potentially had slightly increased risks for adenomas (odds ratio, 1.29 ; 95% confidence interval, 0.90-1.84), whereas fast acetylation was potentially protective among blacks (odds ratio, 0.64 ; 95% confidence interval, 0.32-1.28).
The apparent difference between blacks and whites may simply reflect random variation around an overall null effect, or it could represent a real difference.
There was preliminary evidence for a possible interaction between NAT2 and the glutathione transferase M1 null genotype.
Smokers'adenoma prevalence was 10-fold higher for fast acetylators with the null genotype compared to slow acetylators without the null genotype.
Large, multiethnic populations and analysis of combinations of genes for carcinogen metabolism may be needed to further assess the role of NAT2 in colorectal tumorigenesis.
Mots-clés Pascal : Arylamine N-acetyltransferase, Acyltransferases, Transferases, Enzyme, Aralkylamine N-acetyltransferase, Génotype, Tumeur bénigne, Côlon, Rectum, Adénome, Carcinogenèse, Facteur risque, Prévalence, Acétylation, Polymorphisme, Homme, Epidémiologie, Intestin pathologie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Arylamine N-acetyltransferase, Acyltransferases, Transferases, Enzyme, Aralkylamine N-acetyltransferase, Genotype, Benign neoplasm, Colon, Rectum, Adenoma, Carcinogenesis, Risk factor, Prevalence, Acetylation, Polymorphism, Human, Epidemiology, Intestinal disease, Digestive diseases, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0345063
Code Inist : 002B13B01. Création : 01/03/1996.