The current study examines the use of physical control (seclusion and restraint) in a sample of patients hospitalized in a public mental hospital during 1989.
A total of 243 patient records involving physical control were examined ; of these, 124 had been civilly committed and the remaining 119 were forensic (Incompetent to Stand Trial or Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity).
Some 870 physical control events occurred in the sample, a rate that is intermediate when compared with other facilities described in the literature.
Seclusion was employed most often (46% of events), with the combination of seclusion and restraint used in 32% of events and the remaining 22% of physical control events being restraint.
Seclusion tended to be used more often with civilly committed patients, with restraint more frequently employed with forensic patients.
Forensic patients differed from civil subjects in their greater frequency of threats, agitation, and verbal hostility.
However, civil patients were more frequently aggressive toward others and destructive of property.
These findings are discussed in the context of previous evidence also describing forensic patients as.
Mots-clés Pascal : Unité isolement, Contention, Trouble psychiatrique, Criminalité, Etude comparative, Hôpital psychiatrique, Santé mentale, Traitement, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Seclusion unit, Restraint, Mental disorder, Criminality, Comparative study, Psychiatric hospital, Mental health, Treatment, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0343553
Code Inist : 002B18I16. Création : 01/03/1996.