Primary prevention aims at reducing the incidence of a disorder.
The first step in primary prevention involves documenting the magnitude of the problem and identifying risk factors.
Consistent with primary prevention practices, we review the national and international epidemiological data on suicide mortality and then discuss the implications these data hold for primary prevention.
Our approach is novel because we systematically examine the suicide epidemiology data by gender and culture.
Suicide mortality appears to be highest among individuals (e.g., young adult married females in some Papua New Guinea regions ; older adult, isolated, White males in the United States) for whom such behavior is culturally sanctioned.
Thus, an important target for primary prevention may be local cultures of gender and suicide.
Mots-clés Pascal : Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Sexe, Suicide, Mortalité, Incidence, Prévention, Milieu culturel, Etude comparative, Pays, Environnement social, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Epidemiology, Mental health, Sex, Suicide, Mortality, Incidence, Prevention, Cultural environment, Comparative study, Countries, Social environment, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0334606
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 01/03/1996.