The Indo-US Cross-National Dementia Epidemiology Study seeks to compare two rural populations, in the US and India : the Monongahela Valley, a rural community of relatively low socioeconomic status in southwestern Pennsylvania (USA), and Ballabgarh, a rural community near New Delhi in North India.
Of particular interest is the fact that the Ballagbarh elderly population is exlusively Hindi-speaking, hjas little or no education and is largely illiterate, rendering its cognitive screening a particular challenge.
In this article we report methods and preliminary data on the development of a Hindi congitive screening instrument suitable for the Ballabgargh elderly population.
We use as an example our Hindi adaptation of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), a widely used global cognitive screening scale.
Systematic, item-by-item, emprically based test development has shown that effective modifications can be made to existing tests that require reading and writing ; and that culturally sensitive modifications can be made to render the test meaningful and relevant while still tapping the appropriate cognitive domains.
Certain cognitive functions, particularly orientation to time, remain difficult to test adequately in this type of population.
In Ballabgarh, as in the Monongahela Valley, educated individuals obtain higher test scores. implications for dementia screening are discussed, including those relevant to the hypothesis that low education predisposes to dementia.
Mots-clés Pascal : Version étrangère, Mini Mental State Examination Folstein et al, Test neuropsychologique, Trouble cognition, Etude transculturelle, Inde, Asie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Milieu rural, Analphabétisme, Niveau étude, Psychométrie, Vieillard, Homme, Hindi, Démence, Maladie dégénérative, Système nerveux central pathologie, Système nerveux pathologie, Encéphale pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Foreign language version, Mini Mental State Examination Folstein et al, Neuropsychological test, Cognitive disorder, Crosscultural study, India, Asia, United States, North America, America, Epidemiology, Mental health, Rural environment, Illiteracy, Education level, Psychometrics, Elderly, Human, Dementia, Degenerative disease, Central nervous system disease, Nervous system diseases, Cerebral disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0334449
Code Inist : 002B18B01. Création : 01/03/1996.