To retrospectively identify unrecognized human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection among a cohort of children transfused as neonates before donated blood was routinely screened for HIV-1 antibody.
Records at a large, private, metropolitan hospital were reviewed to identify children who were transfused as neonates between January 1980 and March 1985 and discharged alive from the hospital.
Multiple data sources were used to locate these children.
Parents or guardians were contacted, and their children were offered HIV-1 antibody testing and physical examination.
Of the 775 children identified as having received transfusions during the project period, 644 (83%) were located, and 443 (69%) were evaluated for HIV-1 infection.
Among those evaluated, 33 (7%) had antibody to HIV-1, including 14 whose infections had not been previously diagnosed.
At the time of enrollment, 13 children infected with HIV-1 were asymptomatic an average of 63 months after transfusion.
HIV-1 antibody testing should be considered for all children, regardless of clinical status, who were transfused before routine blood donor screening was implemented in March 1985, particularly in areas with a high incidence of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome during those years.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Enfant, Homme, Antécédent, Transfusion, Sang, Nouveau né, Epidémiologie, Etude cohorte, Virus HIV1, Virus immunodéficience humaine, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Child, Human, Antecedent, Transfusion, Blood, Newborn, Epidemiology, Cohort study, HIV-1 virus, Human immunodeficiency virus, Lentivirinae, Retroviridae, Virus, California, United States, North America, America, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0334318
Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 01/03/1996.