logo BDSP

Base documentaire


  1. Adolescents'misinterpretation of health risk probability expressions.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To determine if differences exist between adolescents and physicians in their numerical translation of 13 commonly used probability expressions (eg, possibly, might).

    Design

    Cross-sectional.

    Setting

    Adolescent medicine and pediatric orthopedic outpatient units.

    Participants

    150 adolescents and 51 pediatricians, pediatric orthopedic surgeons, and nurses.

    Measurement

    Numerical ratings of the degree of certainty implied by 13 probability expressions (eg, possibly, probably).

    Results

    Adolescents were significantly more likely than physicians to display comprehension errors, reversing or equating the meaning of terms such as probably/possibly and likely/possibly.

    Numerical expressions of uncertainty (eg, 30% chance) elicited less variability in ratings than lexical expressions of uncertainty (eg, possibly).

    Conclusion

    Physicians should avoid using probability expressions such as probably, possibly, and likely when communicating health risks to children and adolescents.

    Numerical expressions of uncertainty may be more effective for conveying the likelihood of an illness than lexical expressions of uncertainty (eg, probably).

    Mots-clés Pascal : Perception, Terminologie, Communication verbale, Risque, Adolescent, Etude comparative, Médecin, Interprétation information, Echelle évaluation, Probabilité, Prévention, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Perception, Terminology, Verbal communication, Risk, Adolescent, Comparative study, Physician, Information interpretation, Evaluation scale, Probability, Prevention, Human

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0334316

    Code Inist : 002B30A03C. Création : 01/03/1996.