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  1. Etiologic fraction analysis for continuously distributed outcome variables and empirical analogy with dichotomized outcome variables.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    It is not clear from the published literature whether R2 estimated from linear regression models for continuously distributed outcome variables is analogous to the etiologic fraction for dichotomized outcome variables.

    This article attempts to address this issue.

    Method

    Continuous and dichotomous outcomes of the same underlying attributes (gestational age and fetal growth) were compared using data from a recent study of birthweight distributions in ethnic Caucasian infants.

    Results

    The relative magnitudes of the etiologic fraction and R2 were quite similar for the same underlying attributes.

    For example, R2 and etiologic fraction for weight gain rate ranked 2 and 3, respectively, for fetal growth and ranked 4.5 and 5, respectively, for gestational duration.

    Conclusions

    R2 estimated from linear regression models for continuously distributed outcome variables appears analogous to the etiologic fraction for dichotomized outcome variables.

    If due consideration is given to the underlying biological mechanisms of the studied attributes, R2 can be used as a measure of public health impact.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Modèle régression, Régression linéaire, Analyse statistique, Poids naissance, Nourrisson, Epidémiologie, Méthodologie, Homme

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Regression model, Linear regression, Statistical analysis, Birth weight, Infant, Epidemiology, Methodology, Human

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    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0319595

    Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 01/03/1996.