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  1. Fulltext. Evaluating food fortification options : general principles revisited with folic acid.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    This article uses folic acid as an example to illustrate some of the complex issues and general principles that emerge when evaluating fortification of the food supply as one possible means to address a public health recommendation.

    Methods

    Distributions of current daily folate intakes from conventional foods and dietary supplements were estimated.

    Intakes that might result from fortification of cereal-grain products and ready-to-eat cereals at various levels of eight age-gender groups were also estimated by using the US Department of Agriculture's 1987-1988 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey.

    Results

    The results illustrate that fortification of the US food supply tends to increase folate intakes of consumers at the high end of the intake distribution curves in the general population to a greater extent than if affects consumers at the low end of the intake distribution curves in the target population.

    Conclusions

    The effectiveness of food fortification options for a target population and the safety for the general population impose conflicting challenges that must be considered concurrently when making decisions about fortifying the US food supply.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Complémentation, Produit diététique, Produit céréalier, Folique acide, Comportement alimentaire, Changement comportement, Education nutritionnelle, Homme, Recommandation, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Complementation, Dietetic product, Cereal product, Folic acid, Feeding behavior, Behavior change, Nutrition education, Human, Recommendation, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0318494

    Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 01/03/1996.