This article uses folic acid as an example to illustrate some of the complex issues and general principles that emerge when evaluating fortification of the food supply as one possible means to address a public health recommendation.
Distributions of current daily folate intakes from conventional foods and dietary supplements were estimated.
Intakes that might result from fortification of cereal-grain products and ready-to-eat cereals at various levels of eight age-gender groups were also estimated by using the US Department of Agriculture's 1987-1988 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey.
The results illustrate that fortification of the US food supply tends to increase folate intakes of consumers at the high end of the intake distribution curves in the general population to a greater extent than if affects consumers at the low end of the intake distribution curves in the target population.
The effectiveness of food fortification options for a target population and the safety for the general population impose conflicting challenges that must be considered concurrently when making decisions about fortifying the US food supply.
Mots-clés Pascal : Complémentation, Produit diététique, Produit céréalier, Folique acide, Comportement alimentaire, Changement comportement, Education nutritionnelle, Homme, Recommandation, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Complementation, Dietetic product, Cereal product, Folic acid, Feeding behavior, Behavior change, Nutrition education, Human, Recommendation, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0318494
Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 01/03/1996.