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  1. Estimation of the size of the HIV/AIDS epidemic due to blood transfusion in France.

    Article - En anglais

    Background

    This study presents estimates of the number of individuals contaminated by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) via a blood transfusion received in France before the end of 1991 and those who have developed or will develop AIDS.

    Methods

    The computer simulation model takes into account several possible hypotheses concerning the annual number of infected blood donations collected before the introduction of HIV screening in August 1985, those collected between August 1985 and December 1991 not excluded by the testing procedure due to the seroconversion period, the number of labile blood components elaborated from one donation, the 5-year mortality rate of blood recipients, and the incubation delay.

    Results

    Results reproducing the evolution of the reported annual number of transfusion-associated AIDS cases were selected which enabled the estimation of the number of recipients infected (between 3300 and 4300) and of the number of transfusion-associated AIDS cases (between 1600 and 1800) compared with 1300 transfusion-associated AIDS cases reported by June 1993.

    Conclusion

    This methodology could be used for other countries provided information required by the model is available.

    Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Modélisation, Evaluation, Epidémiologie, Etiologie, Transfusion, Sang, Assistance ordinateur, Dénombrement, Homme, Facteur risque, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Modeling, Evaluation, Epidemiology, Etiology, Transfusion, Blood, Computer aid, Enumeration(counting), Human, Risk factor, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0318078

    Code Inist : 002B06D01. Création : 01/03/1996.