School-based health services for urban adolescents : psychosocial characteristics of clinic users vs nonusers.
Evaluated psychosocial differences between adolescent users and nonusers of an urban school-based health clinic, considering the influence of gender.
As expected, a number of gender differences were found (e.g., girls reported more fear, were rated as more likeable by peers than boys).
Examination of differences based purely on clinic use indicated that nonusers were rated as more socially withdrawn by their peers than clinic users ; otherwise, these two groups did not differ on psychosocial measures.
Gender by clinic-status interaction effects were found for academic measures (e.g., nonusing boys had more absences and lower grades than boys who used the clinic).
A group of intensive clinic users (n=14) reported highter levels of emotional distress than other students, and surprisingly, most of these students were not receiving mental health services.
Mots-clés Pascal : Utilisation, Service santé, Milieu urbain, Etude comparative, Sexe, Comparaison interindividuelle, Stress, Vie quotidienne, Etat dépressif, Trouble humeur, Trouble anxieux, Peur, Trouble comportement, Concept soi, Contrôle externe interne, Milieu familial, Relation interpair, Adaptation, Milieu scolaire, Aptitude scolaire, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Use, Health service, Urban environment, Comparative study, Sex, Interindividual comparison, Stress, Daily living, Depression, Mood disorder, Anxiety disorder, Fear, Behavioral disorder, Self concept, Locus of control, Family environment, Peer relation, Adaptation, School environment, Academic ability, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0287827
Code Inist : 002B30A01B. Création : 01/03/1996.