logo BDSP

Base documentaire

  1. School breakfast improves verbal fluency in undernourished Jamaican children.

    Article - En anglais

    School feeding programs exist in many countries, but few have been properly evaluated.

    In this study, the short-term effects of breakfast on children's cognitive functions were examined.

    The subjects were 97 undernourished (weight-for-age ¾-1 SD of reference) and 100 adequately nourished (weight-for-age>-1 SD) children in four primary schools in rural Jamaica.

    The children were randomly assigned to a group provided with breakfast or a group given a quarter of an orange as a placebo, and then given a battery of four cognitive function tests.

    After a few weeks the treatments were reversed and the tests repeated.

    Undernourished children's performance improved significantly on a test of verbal fluency when they received breakfast, whereas that of the adequately nourished children did not change (breakfastxgroup interaction, P<0.05).

    There were no other effects of breakfast on test scores.

    The findings extend those of a previous Jamaican study conducted under more controlled conditions, and support the targeting of school meals to undernourished children.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Programme sanitaire, Alimentation, Repas, Etablissement scolaire, Carence alimentaire, Fluidité verbale, Cognition, Langage, Enfant, Homme, Milieu rural, Jamaïque, Antilles, Amérique Centrale, Amérique, Age scolaire, Petit déjeuner

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sanitary program, Feeding, Meal, Educational facility, Nutritional deficiency, Verbal fluidity, Cognition, Language, Child, Human, Rural environment, Jamaica, West Indies, Central America, America, School age

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0279501

    Code Inist : 002B22C. Création : 01/03/1996.