Descriptive epidemiology of oral neoplasms in Sudan 1970-1985 and the role of toombak.
Data from 1,916 cases of oral neoplasms occuring in the Sudan in a 16-year period, from January 1970 to December 1985, were retrieved and analysed.
The study revealed a relatively high frequency of oral neoplasms in comparison with neighbouring countries.
In this study, squamous-cell carcinoma was the most common oral malignancy (66.5%), followed by tumours of the salivary gland (14.7%), neoplasms of no-odontogenic and non-epithelial origin (9.6%) and odontogenic neoplasms (8.6%). Men had a higher frequency than women.
The older age group of both genders showed a relatively high frequency of squamous-cell carcinoma.
Among northern Sudanese there was a high rate of squamous-cell carcinoma, while southern Sudanese showed a high rate of odontogenic and salivary-gland neoplasms.
The use of toomback has been stated to play a major role in the aetiology of oral squamous-cell carcinoma in the Sudan, and is suspected to be associated with neoplasms of the salivary glands.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Cavité buccale, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Facteur risque, Tabac sans fumée, Pays en développement, Soudan, Afrique, Homme, Négroïde, Stomatologie, Cavité buccale pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Oral cavity, Epidemiology, Incidence, Risk factor, Smokeless tobacco, Developing countries, Sudan, Africa, Human, Negroid, Stomatology, Oral cavity disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0271009
Code Inist : 002B10B01. Création : 01/03/1996.