To separate the characteristics of the homeless from those of the housed poor, 144 adults were randomly sampled from several sites, yielding 3 groups : the currently homeless (n=59), the previously (but not currently) homeless (n=31), and the never-homeless poor (n=54).
The homeless were significantly less likely to be receiving public benefits, were more likely to have a DSM-III (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [3rd ed. ; American Psychiatric Association, 1980]) diagnosis of substance abuse, showed higher levels of self-rated psychological distress and were more likely to be victims of recent domestic violence and to have been physically abused as children.
The homeless did not differ from the comparison groups on DSM-III diagnosis of severe mental illness (schizophrenia or major affective disorder), physical health symptoms, and social support and social networks.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Statut socioéconomique, Pauvreté, Sans domicile fixe, Facteur risque, Structure sociale, Etude comparative, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Santé mentale, Adulte, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Socioeconomic status, Poverty, Homeless, Risk factor, Social structure, Comparative study, United States, North America, America, Mental health, Adult, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0269625
Code Inist : 002B18H03. Création : 01/03/1996.