Prevalence of hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and human immunodeficiency virus markers among hospital employment applicants.
To delineate baseline seroprevalence rates before job placement, applicants for employment (n=300) at a large urban medical center were screened for serologic markers to the hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) during a 15-week period in 1992.
Eighteen applicants (6%) were positive for antibodies to HBV, nine (3%) for HCV, and 3 (1%) for HIV.
There was no association by gender for any of these viral markers ; however, both HBV and HCV were significantly more often detected in persons applying for hourly positions who were black.
In an urban setting, preemployemente screening of health care workers for HBV and HCV markers appears warranted, and serum banking for later HIV analysis, should a claim arise, is suggested.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale B, Virose, Infection, Hépatite virale C, SIDA, Prévalence, Sérologie, Epidémiologie, Homme, Personnel sanitaire, Recrutement, Hôpital, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis B, Viral disease, Infection, Viral hepatitis C, AIDS, Prevalence, Serology, Epidemiology, Human, Health staff, Recruitment, Hospital, United States, North America, America, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0266126
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 01/03/1996.