Suicide and occupation : a review of the literature.
Suicide is the eight leading cause of death in the United States.
Suicide rates have been reported to be particularly high in professional, managerial, and executive groups.
We reviewed English language epidemiological studies on suicide and occupation published since 1982.
Some studies suggest that workers in a number of occupations, including chemistry, farming, and law enforcement, may have elevated suicide rates.
The weight of current evidence supports the conclusion that both male and female physicians have elevated rates of suicide, with females at particularly high risk.
Elevated rates of suicide in a particular occupational group may result from a complex interaction between job factors such as work stress and access to means and other risk factors such as age and presence of a mental disorder.
Mots-clés Pascal : Suicide, Epidémiologie, Homme, Activité professionnelle, Synthèse bibliographique, Article synthèse, Médecine travail
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Suicide, Epidemiology, Human, Professional activity, Bibliographic survey, Review, Occupational medicine
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0266094
Code Inist : 002B18C11. Création : 01/03/1996.