Because no information exists on the prevalence of chemical sensitivity syndromes such as multiple chemical sensitivities, a questionnaire for use in population studies was developed and tested to assess the presence or absence of chemical sensitivity.
Seven hundred five individuals attending clinics answered a questionnaire asking whether each of 122 common substances caused symptoms.
Results showed that patients with multiple chemical sensitivities and asthma had average total scores that were significantly different from each other and from those of each of the other diagnostic categories.
Higher total scores were also reported by female patients.
The instrument described here may facilitate meaningful prevalence studies of multiple chemical sensitivities.
It will also allow study of chemically induced symptoms in other conditions such as asthma.
Mots-clés Pascal : Composé chimique, Sensibilité, Multiple, Asthme, Epidémiologie, Prévalence, Questionnaire, Méthode étude, Homme, Toxicité, Fidélité test, Appareil respiratoire pathologie, Bronchopneumopathie obstructive
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Chemical compound, Sensitivity, Multiple, Asthma, Epidemiology, Prevalence, Questionnaire, Investigation method, Human, Toxicity, Test reliability, Respiratory disease, Obstructive pulmonary disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0264960
Code Inist : 002B03L06. Création : 01/03/1996.