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  1. Fulltext. Mortality among Navajo uranium miners.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    To update mortality risks for Navajo uranium miners, a retrospective cohort mortality study was conducted of 757 Navajos from the cohort of Colorado Plateau uranium miners.

    Methods

    Vital status was followed from 1960 to 1990.

    Standardized mortality ratios were estimated, with combined New Mexico and Arizona non-White mortality rates used for comparison.

    Cox regression models were used to evaluate exposure-response relationships.

    Results

    Elevated standardized mortality ratios were found for lung cancer (3.3), tuberculosis (2.6), and pneumoconioses and other respiratory diseases (2.6).

    Lowered ratios were found for heart disease (0.6), circulatory disease (0.4), and liver cirrhosis (0.5).

    The estimated relative risk for a 5-year duration of exposure vs none was 3.7 for lung cancer, 2.1 for pneumoconioses and other respiratory diseases, and 2.0 for tuberculosis.

    The relative risk for lung cancer was 6.9 for the midrange of cumulative exposure to radon progeny compared with the least exposed.

    Conclusions

    Findings were consistent with those from previous studies.

    Twenty-three years after their last exposure to radon progeny, these light-smoking Navajo miners continue to face excess mortality risks from lung cancer and pneumoconioses and other respiratory diseases.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Uranium, Mine, Exposition professionnelle, Homme, Mortalité, Ethnie, Epidémiologie, Toxicité, Rétrospective, Colorado, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Amérindien, Métal, Médecine travail, Navajo

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Uranium, Mine, Occupational exposure, Human, Mortality, Ethnic group, Epidemiology, Toxicity, Retrospective, Colorado, United States, North America, America, Amerindian, Metal, Occupational medicine

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0264952

    Code Inist : 002B03L05. Création : 01/03/1996.