An overview is presented concerning aspects of laser safety in European industrial laser use.
Surveys indicate that there is a large variation in the safety strategies amongst industrial laser users.
Some key problem areas are highlighted.
Emission of hazardous substances is a major problem for users of laser material processing systems where the majority of the particulate is of a sub-micrometre size, presenting a respiratory hazard.
Studies show that in many cases emissions are not frequently monitored in factories and uncertainty exists over the hazards.
Operators of laser machines do not receive adequate job training or safety training.
The problem is compounded by a plethora of regulations and standards which are difficult to interpret and implement, and inspectors who are not conversant with the technology or the issues.
A case is demonstrated for a more integrated approach to laser safety, taking into account the development of laser applications, organizational and personnel development, in addition to environmental and occupational health and safety aspects.
It is necessary to achieve a harmonization between these elements in any organization involved in laser technology.
This might be achieved through establishing technology transfer centres in laser technology.
Mots-clés Pascal : 4255, Risque accidentel, Laser, Sécurité, Emission polluant, Emission particule, Emission fumée, Traitement matériau, Article synthèse, Industrie, Usine fabrication, Formation professionnelle, Normalisation
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hazards, Lasers, Safety, Pollutant emission, Particle emission, Smoke emission, Material processing, Reviews, Industry, Factory, Training, Standardization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0259884
Code Inist : 002B30B03. Création : 01/03/1996.