Childhood cancer incidence in relation to distance from the former nuclear testing site in Semipalatinsk Kazakhstan.
Rates of childhood cancer between 1981 and 1990 in the 4 administrative zones of Kazakhstan were studied to assess the relationship, if any, with distance from nuclear testing sites.
Risk of various cancers among children aged 14 yeaw or younger were estimated in relation to distance from (1) a site where testing in air was performed before 1963, (2) a site where underground testing took place thereafter, and (3) a reservoir, known as « Atom Lake, » created by 4 nuclear explosions in 1965.
Risk of acute leukaemia rose significantly with increasing proximity of residence to the testing areas, although the absolute value of the risk gradient was relatively small.
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Hémopathie maligne, Enfant, Homme, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Région géographique, Armement nucléaire, Installation essai, Distance, Analyse risque, Irradiation ionisante, Kazakhstan, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Malignant hemopathy, Child, Human, Epidemiology, Incidence, Geographical division, Nuclear weapon, Test facility, Distance, Risk analysis, Ionizing irradiation, Kazakhstan, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 95-0255719
Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 01/03/1996.