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  1. Fulltext. Changes in adult cigarette smoking in the Minnesota Heart Health Program.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objectives

    The Minnesota Heart Health Program was a research and demonstration project designed to reduce risk factors for heart disease in whole communities.

    This paper describes smoking-specific interventions and outcomes.

    Methods

    Three pairs of matched communities were included in the study.

    After baseline surveys, one community in each pair received a 5-year education program, whle both cross-sectional and cohort surveys continued in all sites.

    Adult education programs for smoking cessation included Quit and Win contests, classes, self-help materials, telephone support, and home correspondence programs.

    Results

    Encouraging short-term results were obtained for several adult education programs.

    Overall long-term outcomes were mixed, with evidence of an intervention effect only for women in cross-sectional survey data.

    Unexpectedly strong secular declines in smoking prevalence were obsesrved in comparison communities.

    Conclusions

    The findings suggest that community education may be unlikely to exceed dramatic secular reductions in smoking prevalence.

    The success of several key interventions and the incorporation of Minnesota Heart Health Programm interventions by education communities are encouraging, however.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Programme sanitaire, Tabagisme, Sevrage toxique, Evaluation, Education sanitaire, Changement comportement, Facteur risque, Minnesota, Homme, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Prévention, Promotion santé, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sanitary program, Tobacco smoking, Poison withdrawal, Evaluation, Health education, Behavior change, Risk factor, Minnesota, Human, Cardiovascular disease, Prevention, Health promotion, United States, North America, America

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 95-0250420

    Code Inist : 002B30A03A. Création : 01/03/1996.